Kayak Weight Limits
Canoes or kayaks sometimes seem too heavy for beginners. If so, don’t worry – this type of boat has a maximum weight capacity that you should never exceed. Once you hit this limit, it becomes unbalanced and unsafe.
Kayak boats come in two basic shapes: straight outrigger (also called sit-on-top) and bowrider. Sit-on-tops are usually lighter and easier to handle for beginners. Bowriders, however, give you better stability and strength at the expense of additional weight.
There are generally three limits that you need to consider before buying your boat:
1. Check its length, width, and depth.
2. Ensure that it weighs less than 30 pounds.
3. Make sure that the manufacturer recommends a specific load capacity.
What Is Meant by A Kayak’s Weight Limit?
The limit is the maximum weight the kayak will support without tipping over. Depending on size and design, this can vary significantly so that different manufacturers may use slightly different numbers.
A good rule of thumb for most canoeists is about 20 percent of their body weight. For example, if a person weighs 150 lbs., they would typically put 75 lbs. into their canoe (20% x 150 25).
This means that the total weight of the canoe and paddler combined cannot exceed 300 lbs. Some kayakers go as high as 400 lbs. But, if you get above these recommended weights, we recommend looking at other types of boats that are more stable.
The first thing you want to look at is the distance from the nose to the tail of the kayak. It should be long enough to fit comfortably within reach of the paddler’s knees. However, it shouldn’t be so wide that it is difficult to walk around.
When determining the kayak’s length, try to find one that fits easily between your elbows when sitting in it. This gives you plenty of space to paddle with ease.
While there are no standard guidelines regarding kayak maximum weight capacities, you must know what is allowed under federal regulations.
It would help if you always referred to the manufacturer’s specifications to determine whether or not your new kayak has been tested and approved to carry a particular weight. Many manufacturers require a specific weight rating to sell their products.
Manufacturers often provide recommendations for the maximum load, which includes people, gear, and anything else that can be attached to the kayak. These figures include accessories such as paddles, life jackets, or even extra storage bags.
Size Of Paddling Area to Weight Limit
Size plays an integral part in how much weight you can safely carry. There are four primary areas where you can add weight:
- The hull is the main component of the boat that holds up the water and provides buoyancy. More weight affects the stability of the vessel.
- Paddles weigh about 10 pounds each, but some models have a weighted paddle system that adds another 6 pounds.
- Kayak accessories like pontoons, drybags, and spray skirts can increase the boat’s overall weight.
- Gear is just as essential as people, especially if you’re planning to travel. Even the smallest items can add significant weight, so keep an eye out for GPS units, camera batteries, fenders, vests, and fishing equipment.
It’s wise to test-drive new boats to see if they feel heavy or light compared to what you’re used to. We suggest trying them out solo for short distances to avoid getting wet.
If you’re unsure of the weight limit of your chosen model, bring along your old boat to compare the two. Most kayaking stores offer this service free of charge.
Does The Weight Limit Mean a Dry Boat?
Some manufacturers say that their kayaks are “dry,” meaning they don’t need unique floats to hold up the kayaks’ shape. They claim that the boats themselves will float on their own.
The truth is that kayaks are designed to sit deeper than regular boats. Many kayaks sit below the surface of the water.
This allows for better stability while keeping air trapped inside the cockpit instead of allowing it to escape through the open sides.
Because of this design difference, kayaks tend to sink more quickly than other types of boats, and once they get close to the bottom, they aren’t easy to right yourself again. That means getting into a kayak after an accident could prove dangerous.
If the boat has sunk beyond its capacity, it may be too heavy for you. Remember that the center of gravity (CG) must stay above the front edge of the gunwales or side rails. So, if your gunwale is five inches high, the CG needs to be four inches higher.
This means that if your CG is six inches above the top of your gunwales, your weight limit would be 20 lbs. If your CG is eight inches above the top of the gunwales, the weight limit is 25 lbs.
In contrast, most touring boats have a CG that sits near the middle of the boat. Because of this, they usually sit at around six inches above the top gunwales, which makes them very stable. Therefore, they can generally carry loads of 25+ lbs. without sinking.
How Much Can Water Stay in Your Kayak?
The amount of water that stays in your kayak while paddling varies depending on the decking material used, whether or not the deck is sealed or coated, and, of course, the height of the cockpit floor.
The recommended drainage level ranges from 1/8th inch to 3/16ths per hour. Check the manufacturer’s instructions before buying or renting a kayak.
Choosing a Kayak with The Right Weight Limit
Your choice of a kayak depends on the weight limits your kayak comes with. But, how can you tell? If you look at the manufacturer’s website, specifications table, or buy online, you might find that it lists the maximum weight limit.
However, manufacturers often include additional information about weight limits found under the heading “Features & Specifications.” It’s always good to read these details carefully as some kayaks are heavier than others.
If your kayak does have a weight limit, you can quickly check its dimensions to determine where your center of gravity sits. Once you know where it is, you can figure out how far above or below the gunwales it sits.
Based on this information, you can calculate the maximum weight you can carry. Knowing your exact weight adds an important safety factor when choosing a kayak. Think about how many pounds you weigh and choose a kayak accordingly.